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Anti COPAS

13. Conditional Sentence (Kalimat Bersyarat)

Ada 3 macam yaitu :

  • Tipe I (future)
If + simple present tense, future tenses
"untuk menyatakan peristiwa yang mungkin terjadi jika syaratnya terpenuhi"


Example :

* If Boby meets Nana, he will be happy
-----Fakta : Boby bisa senang dan juga bisa tidak tergantung bertemu Nana atau tidak (Future Tense)
  • Tipe II (present)
If + simple past tense, past future tense
"untuk mengungkapkan hal yang kemungkinan terjadinya kecil atau barangkali saja terjadi di masa depan"


Example :

* If I had my own motorbike, I would go there my self
-----Fakta : I don't have my own motorbike, so I don't go there my self  (Present Tense)
* They would not be angry, if you don't cheat them
-----Fakta : They are angry because you cheat them  (Present Tense)

To be yg dipakai utk semua subjek adalah were
Example :

* If I were you, I would stay in my room in this cold weather
-----Fakta : I don't stay in my room because I am not you
  • Tipe III (Past)
If + past perfect tense, past future perfect tense
"untuk mengungkapkan hal yang tidak mungkin terjadi karena waktunya sudah lewat, atau membayangkan hal yang mungkin terjadi di masa lalu"

Example :

* If I had chosen the right one, I would not have regretted it
-----Fakta : I didn't choose the right one, so regretted it  (Past Tense)

PENTING :

# Fakta selalu naik 1 tingkat level tenses (kurang lampau)
# Conditional selalu lebih lampau 1 tingkat dari faktanya
# Fakta (tenses pada "if" naik 1 tingkat kurang lampau)

Conditional Sentence Tanpa "IF"
Tipe II------- Were + S + Complement
            ------- Had + S + V3

Example :
* If I were a princess, I could get everything
------were I princess,  I could get everything
* If I had got talent in singing, I would have become a fomous singer
------had I got talent in singing, I would have become a fomous singer

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